SHIN YANG FORESTRY SDN. BHD.

 PUBLIC SUMMARY

 FOREST PLANTATION MANAGEMENT PLAN

FOR

LPF/0018 – Penyuan FPMU
(VERSION 04-revised on 02nd October 2017)

 

 

1.     INTRODUCTION OF PENYUAN FPMU

 

 location lpf0019 masama fpmu2017

Figure 1.0: Location of LPF/0019-Masama FPMU

 

The project area is titled Penyuan Forest Plantation Management Unit (FPMU) which is part of License for Planted Forest LPF/0018 Penyuan Estate that commencing from 19th November 1999 to 18th November 2059. This FPMU is located northwest of Belaga Town in Belaga District, Kapit (Appendix 1: Locality Map of LPF/0018 Penyuan FPMU).

From the total 155, 930ha of LPF area, the FPMU area only covering an area of 11,646 ha. The coupe includes in FPMU are AT1, AT2, AT3 and AP4(AT4(II)). About 42.86% from the total FPMU area is plantable areas, and the balance of 57.14% is reserved in situ for buffer, green belt area and natural forest. Table 1.1 show the area details of Penyuan FPMU area.

Table 1.1: Details of Penyuan FPMU area

Coupe No.

Planted Area (Ha)

Unplanted Forest (Ha)

Gross Area (Ha)

AT1

834

2,116

2,950

AT2

1,075

1,907

2,982

AT3

2,080

1,098

3,178

AP4 (AT4(II))

1,002

1,534

2,536

Total

4,991

6,655

11,646

The Penyuan FPMU area is covered mainly by logged over hill mixed Dipterocarp forests. The logging licenses covering the whole site is T/3282 and this logging activities is still going. A network of logging roads was built to cover the whole area within the project site which is presently used by the relevant timber licensees.

The FPMU is about 50 km north of Belaga town and about 30km west of the Asap Resettlement. The approximate grid reference of the site is between latitudes 02o56.0’N - 03o02.43’ N and longitudes 114o10.0’E - 114o25.61’E.

Penyuan FPMU is mainly drained by Batang Belaga and its tributaries. Being an undulating and hilly area, numerous small streams are also found within the site.

The northern side of the project area is bordered by Oil Palm Plantation of Samling Plantation Sdn Bhd and PASB Plantation Sdn Bhd. The west side is bordered by Pusaka-KTS Forest Plantation.

 

2.     POLICY OF COMMITMENT

Shin Yang Forestry Sdn. Bhd. manages tree seedlings in nursery, tree planting activities and tree harvesting activities at Kuala Baram tree plantation, LPF0017 (Kejin FPMU), LPF0018 (Penyuan FPMU) and LPF0019 (Masama FPMU) Site. This Policy of Commitment defines the company’s commitment towards the Malaysia Criteria and Indicators for Forest Plantation Management Certification. This Policy will be a guideline for all levels of our employees and stakeholders in carrying out the company’s business in a conscience manner.

 

It is our commitment to:

  1. Comply with all applicable laws, regulations and requirements related to forest management.
  2. Operate according to approved Forest Plantation Management Plan and fulfils all conditions in the Environmental Impact Assessment Agreement.
  3. Continual assessment, evaluation and improvement of forest management practices through monitoring and review.
  4. Support local communities through employment opportunities and recognize local customs & Native Customary Right as defined by regional laws.
  5. Enhance the skills, knowledge and competency of employee and local community through relevant training.
  6. Provide a safe working environment by adhering to occupational safety and health policy and ensure that all employees are trained in occupational safety and health.
  7. Ensure environmental degradation and pollution prevented or controlled through an effective control measures.
  8. Maintaining existing biological diversity by established the natural conservation and protection area.
  9. Ensure the timber harvesting is sustainable and adhering to low impact harvesting methods.

 

3.     MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVE

The management objective of the plantation is to enable a continuous supply of timber for downstream processing activities (plywood, veneer and particle board) especially for Shin Yang Group of wood processing plants. There is also the global sentiment to source for timber from planted forest instead of from natural forests. Planted forests have the advantage of planned and timed production, uniformity of logs and automation in the processing plants. They will also help to reduce harvesting pressure on the remaining natural forests.

 

Besides that, forest management also has the following objective:

  • Optimum utilization of forest resources while ensuring ecological function
  • Regulation of harvest on a sustainable yield basis
  • To reduce environmental impact
  • To promote natural forest conservation, restoration and enhancement within FPMU
  • To maintain or enhance the long-term social and economic well-being of workers and local communities

 

4.     MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

The forest plantation management is committed to Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) which is the process of managing forest plantation site to achieve one or more clearly specified objectives of management with regard to the production of a continuous flow of desired forest products and services without undue reduction in its inherent values and future productivity and without undue undesirable effects on the physical and social environment

 

5.     FOREST RESOURCE DESCRIPTION

5.1.  Geology Soil

For soil distribution, the main soil types in Penyuan FPMU are Kapit soils and Kapit/Tutoh/Bekenu soils. With that, the site is dominated by skeletal soils. Skeletal soils commonly find in hilly areas.

 

5.2.  Growing Timber Stock

The forest in FPMU area is a hill mixed dipterocarp forest that has been disturbed by logging and agricultural activities. There is only limited large diameter tree were recorded in the area as it was heavily logged over before, leaving only several tree which either too small for harvest or has no economic value.

 

5.3.  Non-timber Growing Stock

Non-timber products are mainly used by local community. Most of non timber forest products taken by local people are wild vegetable and fruits, their also hunting wild animal & fishery for their meat consumption, and agricultural products such as bamboo and rattan.

 

6.     ENVIRONMENTAL LIMITATION

Penyuan FPMU site is undulating to hilly condition with slope of 8° to more than 30°and altitude between 750 m to 3750 m above sea level. Deep valleys are a common structure within the areas especially around the northeast areas. The central terrain is undulating. This terrain factor causes difficulty to access some area during the wet season (October until January) and the steep terrain has high potential to soil erosion during heavy rain.

 

7.     LAND USE

Penyuan FPMU area was formerly under the Forest Timber Licence T/3282. This forest plantation area was previously covered mainly by logged over hill mixed Dipterocarp forest. The northern side of the project area is bordered by Oil Palm Plantation of Samling Plantation Sdn Bhd and PASB Plantation Sdn Bhd. The west side is bordered by Pusaka-KTS Forest Plantation. No permanent local settlements are found within the site. There is no legal claims of NCR land within FPMU areas.

Development of the plantation involves several stages such as project site investigation, nursery establishment, plantation buildings and amenities, land preparation, construction of infrastructure, field establishment, maintenance and abandonment and replanting.

 

8.     SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITION

A total of 15 longhouses are located nearby FPMU.  The profile of the longhouses were shown in Figure 2.0. The main communities living here are the Penan and Kenyah. Table 2.0 show the summary of the 6 longhouses that are affected by the development of the Penyuan plantation activities.

Table 2.0: Profile of the Asap resettlements

No

Village Name

Head of Community

Ethnic

1

Long Telepeh/ Rh. Baya Sipat

TR Baya Sipat

Penan

2

Long Balau/ Rh. Ating

TR Ating Tajai

Penan

3

Long Ketuat/ Rh. Adeh

TR Adeh Usang

Penan

4

Long Perah/ Rh. Besie

TR Besie Balan

Penan

5

Long Tengah (2)/ Rh. Labang

TR Labang Uvat

Penan

6

Long Tengah (1)/ Rh. Daang

TR Dang Lajang

Penan

7

Data Sengelang/ Rh. Pait

TR Pait Awam

Penan

8

Long Apok/ Rh. Jangan

TR Jangan Bunyi

Penan

9

Long Sibau/ Rh. Udau Tedong

TR Udau Tedong

Penan

10

Long Urun/ Rh. Bisi

TR Bisi Janea

Penan

11

Long Bulit Urun/ Rh. Clement Usang

TR Joseph Usang

Kenyah

12

Uma Pawa Long Urun/ Rh. Eric William

TR Eric William

Kenyah

13

Uma Badeng Long Urun/ Rh. Agau

TR Asmidy Agau Lerang

Kenyah

14

Uma badeng Jambatan Urun/ Rh. Anthony

TR Anthony Lerang

Kenyah

15

Uma Pawa Long Ai/ Rh. Ding Kin

TR John Ding

Kenyah

 

The people of the community practices distinctive social-cultural systems which stems on their native culture which was passed down from previous generations. Although they mainly speak their own language on daily basis, some of them are also conversant in other languages such as Bahasa Melayu and Bahasa Iban.

Based on SIA assessment, the main occupation of the people was farming. The main crops planted were hilly paddy which grown by shifting cultivation and some fruit trees. The local community also receives some form of farm assistance from the Department of Agriculture. Livestock such as pigs and chicken are commonly raised in small scale. About 86% were farmers while the rest working with nearby companies.

A primary school and secondary school located at Sg. Asap while another primary school located ar Long Urun. Some public facilities or services such as clinic, post office, police station, district can found at Sg. Asap. There was no direct electricity supply to the longhouses. The people used their own generator. The longhouses have been provided piped water by government.

 location longhouses penyuan fpmu

Figure 2.0: Location of the longhouses within Penyuan FPMU

 

 

9.     PLANTATION ESTABLISHMENT

9.1.  Choice Of Species

The FPMU is established with a mix of trees species both exotic and indigenous species with the predominant species are Acacia mangium and Paraserianthes falcataria. Minor species include Acacia auriculiformis, Neolamarckia cadamba and Eucalyptus spp. The latter will be established on a small scale of trial basis and will be closely monitored by the Company. If proven successful to meet the Company’s needs in short rotation its establishment will be undertaken on a larger scale.

 

9.2.  Nursery Practices

Areas of a few hectares with good terrain and water sources were already identified on the ground/camp site for establishment of nurseries by taking consider the distance from nursery to the planting point. Nursery practice has been standardized after repeated research, and to be followed to the various species. The annual production targets is set based on the planting target plus allowance for nursery mortality, culling rejects, and mortality during transit and after planting in the field.

 

9.3.  Site Preparation

The objective of land preparation is to improve potential tree growth, survival, and uniformly of a crop about to be planted. Through appropriate land preparation, factors that limit tree growth such as poor drainage weed competition, frost, and heavy slash and compacted or naturally dense soils are reduced. In area where there is standing remnant forest, the Company is interested to practice enrichment planting. This involves land clearing only and the environmental impact will be much reduced.

 

 

10.   SILVILCULTURE

10.1.  Thinning

Some areas will also undergo liberation thinning to provide more growing space for better trees to grow at their maximum rate, yielding the next harvest in as short a time as possible.

 

Thinning involves in two stages:

  1. Upon canopy closing - Basically, this stage applies when the trees reach age of two to three years for fast growing species.
  2. Based on the PSPs data - This thinning practice will be applied to boost the tree growth if the trees in plantation site still in small diameter as it already reach age five to seven years.

 

10.2.  Pest And Disease Control

In the event that pests or disease are found to affect the Plantation, and the management has decided that control measures are to be implemented, the control measures will include:

  1. Changing the species planted in the affected areas or use more resistant clones;
  2. Eliminating the organism or known sources from the plantation area;
  3. Avoiding conditions that are conducive to the survival of the pest/ disease organisms;
  4. Adjust and refine silvicultural practice;
  5. Direct control using insecticide, fungicides or other biocides; and
  6. Biological control using natural enemies of the pests.

 

10.3.  Weed Control

For the first cycle maintenance, weed and low shrubs which are part or the indigenous ground covers need to be slashed back at regular intervals during the initial 3 month of after planting because some species do not tolerate well competition from weeds (Grass height must not more than half height of the planted trees). For the second cycle of weed control is depend on the site condition.

 

11.     HARVESTING PLAN

11.1.  Harvesting Operation Prescription

11.1.1.  Cutting Rules

The FPMU may fell any planted species of trees which are not prohibited by the Forest Rules and Wildlife Protection Ordinance. Permanent waterways with continuous flow of water throughout the year will be protected by a buffer zone (width of buffer zone is depend on the width of the stream) on both bank of the river and no activities will be permitted in this areas. Reduce impact logging procedure – The management of forest plantation takes cognizance of the “Reduce Impact Logging, Guidelines/Procedures for Ground Based Harvesting System Using Tractor” applicable to its harvest operation.

 

11.1.2.  Cutting Limit

The downstream processing mill for plywood and veneer is equipped with the latest technology which is enables to peel up to very small logs. Therefore, the company is proposing cutting limit above 10cm at diameter breast high (DBH).

 

11.1.3.  Harvesting System

Harvesting system engaged are RIL and Cable Yarding system to reduce impact especially to the soil and water value, and minimize damage to the residual stand. As fast growing pioneer species need a full light condition for its good growth, that is different from natural tropical tree species, clear felling system will be applied. Protected areas such as Terrain Class IV and Riparian Buffer Zone are strictly prohibited and protected from any disturbance activities.

 

 

11.2.  Period Of Harvesting

Based on the present research data available from PSPs and proposed diameter cutting limit (minimum 10cm DBH), the growth rates and rotation length for harvesting will be commenced at 10 years after planting in normal case.

 

11.3.  Annual Allowable Cut (AAC)

The allowable cut is based on area control, in accordance with the approved General Harvesting Plan (GP) of the licensed area.  The company is proposing 10 years cutting cycle, which is 5 years within FPMU area and for the next five years will be move to another coupe within the LPF 0018 licensed area Therefore, the Annual Cutting Area (ACA) within FPMU for a period of 5 years is 998.2 ha/year.

 

12.    MONITORING OF FOREST GROWTH AND DYNAMIC

Proper permanent sample plots have been set up to monitor performance of trees, growth rate of the planted forest and yield of all forest products harvested so that useful data could be procured for estimates of stocking size, quality and stand volume of the plantation. The location of each plot is randomly chosen within the FPMU area and will be measured annually. Pest and disease information is also collected at the time of assessment.

 

13.    ENVIRONMENTAL SAFEGUARD

13.1.  Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report

The Environmental Impact Assessment report for the LPF0018 forest Plantation "Environmental Impact Assessment " was approved by NREB Sarawak dated 28th January 2000.

 

13.2.  Environmental Monitoring Report (EMR)

The environmental monitoring and review is done by consultant and submitted to the NREB quarterly. The monitoring includes water course quality monitoring.

 

13.3.  NREB Verification and Inspection Visit of The FPMU

The NREB regularly carries out routine environmental inspection on the compliance to the Terms and Conditions of the EIA Report Approval document for the project area.

 

13.4.  Patrolling by FPMU Holder

FPMU holder has been develop patrolling schedule to ensure the protected and HCV areas is remains intact, control encroachment, fire monitoring and to prevent/control unauthorized activities in forest plantation areas.

 

14.    IDENTIFICATION AND PROTECTION OF RARE, THREATENED AND ENDANGERED SPECIES

The guidelines used for identification and protection of ERT species of forest flora and fauna including features of special of special biological interest area:

  1. Wildlife Protection Ordinance 1998
  2. Sarawak Plant Red List
  3. A Master Plan for Wildlife in Sarawak 1996
  4. HCVF Toolkit for Malaysia
  5. Orang Utan Strategic and Action Plan
  6. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species at www.iucnredlist.org

Sign boards has been prepared and installed at strategic locations. The entry to FPMU area shall be limited to the unauthorized person. A schedule for monthly patrol for the year has been developed to control fire, hunting, fishing and collecting activities in the forest plantation areas.

 

Signage detailing the Director of Forest Circular 6/99 have been erected in front of the entrance detailing 4 items:

i.        Employees of the Timber Companies are not to hunt in the licensed areas while they are in the employ of the company.

ii.      Company vehicles are not to be used for hunting or for carrying meat of wild animals.

iii.     Selling of wild animals or meat of wild animals is not allowed in the licensed area.

iv.     Feeder roads are to be closed after the final block inspection to prevent further entry of vehicles.

 

15.    HIGH CONSERVATION VALUE (HCVs)

The assessment of High Conservation Value Forests (HCVFs) within Penyuan FPMU was carried out by consultant based on HCVFs Toolkit Malaysia. The assessment was conducted on April 2015. Sub-teams assessed biodiversity, ecosystem service value, social and cultural values and found that all six major values listed in the HCVF Malaysia Toolkit (2009) are present.

As a result of the assessment, HCV 1.1 was not present in the plantation area. There were sign of Endangered (EN), Critically Endangered (CR) or Vulnerable (VU) flora and fauna (HCV 1.2) observed during the assessment. There were 10 endemic species of flora and 3 endemic species of fauna found in FPMU (HCV 1.3). These endemic flora and fauna species are common and significant concentrations or distributions are already protected within the TPAs in Sarawak.

HCV 1.4 which served as critical temporal use for wildlife such as food source also observed within project area. Although the surrounding of project area have been developed for tree plantation and oil palm plantation, the areas which served as an important refuge for wildlife still available(HCV 2).

HCV 3 was not present in the plantation area. Terrain IV have been identified within the project area remains as an important watershed to the main rivers which helps to mitigate floods and provide clean water to Penyuan camp and nearby villages (HCV 4.1). To maintain and enhance this value, river buffer has been established and maintain according to DID/NREB guideline. HCV 4.2 has been identified in the project area and river buffer has been established to control and minimize erosion. Barrier of destructive fires also been identified in the project area (HCV 4.3).

A total 15 local community settlements are located adjacent to Penyuan Tree. The communities from the 15 settlements are depending on the forest resources available in the project area to meet their basic needs. A burial ground found along tributary of Sg. Penyuan.

 

Management of HCVs Areas:

  1. Retain Terrain IV and other forest area such as water catchments and river buffers/wildlife corridors.
  2. Establish and maintain wildlife corridors and rivers.
  3. Plant food resources for animals in and around the wildlife corridors and river buffers.
  4. Ensure that trees felled fall away from river bank buffers.
  5. Maintain security post at the entrance of plantation camp.
  6. Prohibit plantation workers from hunting.
  7. Establish buffers for each salt lick.
  8. Keep road and skid trail density to minimum to reduce environmental impacts.
  9. Regular consultation with local Penan and Kenyah people who are affected by the forest operation.
  10. Identify and mark the location of burial ground with the local people.

 

Monitoring of HCVs Areas:

  1. Wildlife corridors and river buffers established and maintained.
  2. Put up warning signs on hunting and posters on protected plants and animals.
  3. Decrease the number of outsiders to enter the areas.
  4. Initiation of environmental education programs.
  5. Continuous village consultation.
  6. Burial ground preserved.
  7. Identification and Protection of Rare,Threatened and Endangered Species. Rare, threatened and endangered species will be identified and protected by company.

 

 

16.    RESULT OF FOREST MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT

16.1.  Yield Of All Forest Products Harvested

No harvesting activities is carry out at this moment within certified areas.

 

16.2.  Growth Rates Of The Planted Forest

Growth rate of fast growing planted species is approximately 1.3 - 2.1 cm per year in DBH and 1.5 - 2.2 m per year in height. The growth rate is monitored by Permanent Sample Plots (PSPs) established within FPMU.

 

16.3.  Composition And Observed Changes In The Flora And Fauna

16.3.1.  Flora

The undisturbed forest was confined to buffer zone/wildlife corridor and others protected areas. There is no further study on the changes of flora due to lack of expertise.

 

16.3.2.  Fauna

The fauna species has been identified by our Surveyor during monthly patrolling. Some of the species cannot be identify due to lack of expertise.

 

Table 3.0: Fauna observation within Penyuan FPMU

No.

Species

Common Name

Conservation Status

Previous record

Year 2016

1

Hylobates muelleri

Bornean gibbon

Totally Protected, Endemic

2

Presbytis frontata

White-fronted langur

Totally Protected, Endemic

3

Presbytis rubicund

Maroon langur

Totally Protected, Endemic

4

Macaca nemestrina

Pig-tailed macaque

Protected, VU

5

Macaca fascicularis

Long-tailed macaque

Protected

6

Helarctos malayanus

Sunbear

Protected, VU

7

Sus barbatus

Wild boar

VU

8

Rusa unicolor

Sambar deer

VU

9

Argusianus argus

Argus pheasant

Totally Protected

10

Annorhinus galeritus

Bushy-crested hornbill

Totally Protected

11

Berenicornis comatus

White-crowned hornbill

Totally Protected

12

Aerodramus salangana

Mossy-nest swiftlet

Protected

13

Blythipicus rubiginosus

Maroon woodpecker

Protected

14

Copsychus malabaricus

White-rumped shama

Protected

15

Alcedo atthis

Common kingfisher

Protected

16

Troides brookiana

Raja Brooke’s birdwing

Protected

 

 

16.4.  Environmental And Social Impacts Of Harvesting And Other Operation

16.4.1.  Environmental impacts

Based on the 1st Quarter 2017 (January to March) of Environmental Monitoring Report (EMR), the water qualities in Penyuan Estate were generally very good with all of the reading found well within the Class IIB standards. The pH level were above pH 6 and the level of the DO(above 5mg/I), the BOD (st 3mg/l) the COD (below 25mg/l) and ammoniacal nitrogen (less than 0.3mg/l) at all points were well below the class IIB limits.  The TSS levels at Points SP1, SP3, SP4, SP5 and SP6 were detected low( Class I), at values of 2, 11, 6, 7 and 18 MPN/100ml respectively. The turbidity levels at Points SP1, SP3, SP4 and SP5 had remained on the low sides, ranged between 2.6 and 14.0 NTU (Class I). The commendable that the TCC levels at Points SP1, SP2 and SP4 qnd TFC levels at Points SP1 and SP2 were detected low and they were within the class I limits.

Based on these parameters, the water analyses had therefore shown that the river water qualities had remained good in spite of the on-going development (and harvesting) activities in the Plantation.

Other environment parameters result as below:

 

Table 4.0: Other environment parameter observation and comments

Environment parameter

Observation and comments

Biodiversity conservation

  • Poster and warning notice are displayed at the office

Plantation development

  • Burning permit will be obtained when it is required

Control of soil erosion

  • Suitable cover crops had been planted

Protection of water quality

  • Enrichment planting practice had been adopted

Public Health and safety

  • Proper dumping site (landfill) had been designated

l   Training had been provided to the workers

 

16.4.2.  Social impacts

As in February 2017, there were 16 field staff members and 130 general workers (19 locals and 111 foreign workers) employed. A few staff members are staying in the labour quarters. No major communicable or vector-borne diseases or major occupational accidents had been detected or reported within this quarter.

Locals such as those from nearby areas be given preferences job (23 locals worker were employed). The FPMU has been taken initiatives to increase workers recruitment from local’s communities thru direct verbal communication with villages and also posting the job advertisement at the Longhouses notice board.

As part of the social contribution the management of the FPMU had provided free transportation to the local communities on requests, foods and drinks for special occasions, repair of access roads to longhouses. The management had also assisted in the construction of a long house and water pipe for the Penan communities.

There are no complaints, land disputes or conflict encountered between local communities and FPMU since year 2014 until December 2016.

 

 

16.5.  Cost and productivity of forest management

Cost and productivity of the company’s operation was confidential. Please refer to the management for details and information.

 

17.    LIAISON COMMITTEE

Liaison committee responsibility is as below:

  • Issues over tenure claims and use rights.
  • Conflicts pertaining to the recognition of the legal and customary rights of the local communities.
  • Measures threaten or diminish resources or tenure rights of the local communities.
  • Protected the sites with special cultural, ecological, economic or religious significance to the local people.
  • Long term social and economic well-being of forest workers and local communities.
  • Grievances and provide fair compensation in case of loss or damage affecting the legal customary rights or livelihoods of local people.
  • The use of the forests’ multiple products and services to ensure economic viability with the environmental and social benefits.
  • Carry out annual consultation to maintain the long-term social and economic well-being of local communities

 

18.    COLLABORATIONS & RESEARCH

Some studies will be parts of our research activities in this tree plantation project. Shin Yang Forestry Sdn Bhd with collaboration of Sarawak Forestry Corporation (SFC) and University Putra Malaysia (UPM) under MoU signed in 2012. Further research will be carried out for technical development of tropical tree plantation. The planned studies are as follows:

  • Silviculture scheme and yield
  • To determine the best harvesting time
  • Biological disease control without agrochemicals

 

Other items in MoU:

  • Permanent Sample Plot management
  • Biological control and protection
  • Study on carbon foot print
  • Research and Development on Nursery, Tree Plantation and Reforestation
  • Nursery practice and planted forest establishment
  • Plant propagation techniques
  • Biological control and protection

 

19.    BUDGETARY

Annual budget includes the expenses of overall operations and activities namely; Nursery, Land preparation, Planting & Supply, Silviculture, Harvesting, Conservation & Monitoring, Transport & Infrastructure including social program, Amenities for workers, Safety, Staff training, research development etc.

 

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